Situated at Thirumalai hills in Andhra Pradesh (India), Thirupati balaji is believed to be reincarnation of, and Thirumalai hills symbolizing the holy abode of, lord
Vishnu on this earth. Lord is also known as Balaji, Bithala, Venkateshwara, Venkateshwer, and Venkatachalapathi Balaji.
Idol, in black granite, is adorned with
cloths and many precious jewels. It is the richest Hindu deity in the world.
Balaji holds the conch shell, representing
water and the first sound of creation, the lotus symbolizing the unfolding universe,
the mace interpreted as the power of knowledge, conquering time and the discus(chakra) symbolizing the conquering of evil and ignorance.
devotees are recognized by the U shaped symbol on their forehead.